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How to Prevent Problems with Your Conveyor Belts

When it comes to handling materials in industrial and commercial settings, the conveyors are as important as the materials getting moved. However, it is not uncommon to get conveyors developing minor or major problems during their operations.


The best method of keeping your conveyor operating smoothly is trying to prevent the problems before they strike. To achieve this, you will need to be extra vigilant on your system. This post is a comprehensive guide on preventing common problems with your conveyor.


Check the Conveyor for Buildups


In addition to common checkups on your conveyor, it is prudent to carry regular cleanliness check. Here, the goal is evaluating the entire system from the bottom to the top, side to side, and every hidden section. Check for dirt buildup, residue, and debris of any form. Debris is associated with mistracking and even blockage.


Clean the Conveyor System Regularly


The cleaning procedure goes together with identifying dirt and debris. But cleaning the dirt can help to reduce the debris buildup that can prevent the conveyor to operate smoothly. Cleaning also helps you to closely check the system so that issues are identified early enough before they become major problems. Remember to follow the manufacturer’s recommended procedure for cleaning the conveyor. For example, most manufacturers will advise you to avoid cleaning metallic parts with water that can cause corrosion.


Ensure that the Conveyor Frame is square and Level


One of the common problems that make conveyors fail to perform efficiently is tilting. If you are moving materials, the problem could result in spilling or underperformance. The problem can be caused by the system getting thrown out of alignment from poor transportation, operational vibrations, and even repairs.


It is prudent to check the conveyor frame to ensure that it is neatly positioned and correctly lined. One way of confirming this is by using a standard level and checking both sides to ensure they are square and level. Make sure to check this as regularly as possible and get it fixed immediately before it becomes a big issue.


Make sure the Conveyor Belt is Cut Straight


Ideally, most belts are cut to size. However, it is not uncommon to get a defective belt that has not been cut straight. If you fail to notice the defect, it is likely to wreak havoc on the entire system. Note that you only need to do this once. No need to keep checking the cut on a regular basis.


To check the cut, you should remove the conveyor from the frame and place it on a flat surface. If it curves or features some arcs on the edges, it means that the belt is not straight. In such a case, you will need to have the belt replaced.


Ensure all the Idlers are Operating Smoothly


With continued use, the conveyor belts can get misaligned, frozen or dirty because of regular motion, tearing and wearing. If the idlers have frozen (stopped working), the impact is faster wearing of the belt. The ideal solution is replacing such idlers. You will also need to regularly check and clean them to reduce the process of wearing down.


Identify and Replace Worn Parts


As your system runs to move materials and increase productivity, different parts are likely to get worn out. You should ensure to inspect the parts when the system is working, during cleanups, or even maintenance. More importantly, it is prudent to ensure that the damaged parts are replaced immediately to avoid further damage to the entire system and pulling down production.


When you install a conveyor system for your production unit, there are many reasons that can cause it to breakdown. Therefore, you need to regularly check all the parts to ensure they are properly fixed and operating as expected.